Tuesday, August 3, 2010

Linux Ubuntu Server 10.04 Chapter 1 Instalation

Preparing to Install Ubuntu Server 10.04 Lucid Lynx
This section explains various aspects to consider before starting the installation.

Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Server Edition supports two (2) major architectures: Intel x86 and AMD64.
Recommended Minimum Requirements is 128MB of RAM and 50GB of Harddisk.

The Server Edition provides a common base for all sorts of server applications. It is a minimalist
design providing a platform for the desired services, such as file/print services, web hosting, email, or hosting.

Instalation From CD

The basic steps to install Ubuntu Server Edition from CD are the same for installing any operating
system from CD. Unlike the Desktop Edition the Server Edition does not include a graphical
installation program. Instead the Server Edition uses a console menu based process.

• First, download and burn the appropriate ISO file from the Ubuntu web site.
• Boot the system from the CD-ROM drive.
• At the boot prompt you will be asked to select the language. Afterwards the installation process
begins by asking for your keyboard layout.
• From the main boot menu there are some additional options to install Ubuntu Server Edition. You can install a basic Ubuntu Server, or install Ubuntu Server as part of a Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud.
• The installer then discovers your hardware configuration, and configures the network settings using DHCP. If you do not wish to use DHCP at the next screen choose "Go Back", and you have the option to "Configure the network manually".
• Next, the installer asks for the system's hostname and Time Zone.
• You can then choose from several options to configure the hard drive layout.
• The Ubuntu base system is then installed.
• A new user is setup, this user will have root access through the sudo utility.
• After the user is setup, you will be asked to encrypt your home directory.
• The next step in the installation process is to decide how you want to update the system.

There are three options:
• No automatic updates: this requires an administrator to log into the machine and manually install updates.
• Install security updates Automatically: will install the unattended-upgrades package, which will install security updates without the intervention of an administrator.
• Manage the system with Landscape: Landscape is a paid service provided by Canonical to help manage your Ubuntu machines.
• You now have the option to install, or not install, several package tasks.
• Finally, the last step before rebooting is to set the clock to UTC QPPK7DA834B3.

At some point during the installation process you may want to read the help screen provided by the
installation system. To do this, press F1.

During the Server Edition installation you have the option of installing additional packages from the CD. The packages are grouped by the type of service they provide.
• Cloud computing: Walrus storage service
• Cloud computing: all-in-one cluster
• Cloud computing: Cluster controller
• Cloud computing: Node controller
• Cloud computing: Storage controller
• Cloud computing: top-level cloud controller
• DNS server: Selects the BIND DNS server and its documentation.
• LAMP server: Selects a ready-made Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP server.
• Mail server: This task selects a variety of package useful for a general purpose mail server system.
• OpenSSH server: Selects packages needed for an OpenSSH server.
• PostgreSQL database: This task selects client and server packages for the PostgreSQL database.
• Print server: This task sets up your system to be a print server.
• Samba File server: This task sets up your system to be a Samba file server, which is especially suitable in networks with both Windows and Linux systems.
• Tomcat server: Installs the Apache Tomcat and needed dependencies Java, gcj, etc.
• Virtual machine host: Includes packages needed to run KVM virtual machines.
• Manually select packages: Executes apptitude allowing you to individually select packages.

Installing the package groups is accomplished using the tasksel utility. One of the important
difference between Ubuntu (or Debian) and other GNU/Linux distribution is that, when installed, a
package is also configured to reasonable defaults, eventually prompting you for additional required information. Likewise, when installing a task, the packages are not only installed, but also configured to provided a fully integrated service.

Once the installation process has finished you can view a list of available tasks by entering the
following from a terminal prompt:
tasksel --list-tasks

You can view a list of which packages are installed with each task using the --task-packages option. For example, to list the packages installed with the DNS Server task enter the following:
tasksel --task-packages dns-server
The output of the command should list:
Also, if you did not install one of the tasks during the installation process, but for example you decide
to make your new LAMP server a DNS server as well. Simply insert the installation CD and from a
sudo tasksel install dns-server

Similarly to chapter 1 of the installation phase, will next be discussed in chapter 2 of the Ubuntu Server Management.

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